Wedding techniques

The aromatic sauna infusion with essential oils in the sauna is only half the fun. The full enjoyment of a sauna infusion is offered by waving, also known as quails. Different waving techniques are by no means only part of the sauna master's tools of the trade. Also for the private fun in the small frame waving in the sauna is part of the handicraft.

The physical secret

The laws of physics also apply to the sauna: evaporation provides cold, precipitation provides heat! Of course it should be as warm as possible in the sauna, but the perceived warmth can even be increased. Here is the explanation:

  1. Steam is generated by the infusion. This falls as a precipitation on the cool skin of the sauna guest, where thermal energy is released. This thermal energy has previously been used up by evaporation on the hot stones of the sauna.
  2. The sweat on the skin of the sauna user cools down - then suddenly the humidity in the room rises. The cooling effect of the sweat is interrupted.
  3. The sauna lover gets the feeling that it has suddenly become hotter in the room, which is of course contrary to the thermometer display.

This effect is exploited when waving. If the towel or fan is waved, the temperature equalizing layer on the skin tears. This is also known as the insulation layer and is around four to eight millimetres thick. The heat transfer on the skin is no longer reduced. The result: the sauna guest feels the sauna even hotter.

Wedding techniques for domestic use

The best known is the wedel technique of the so-called propeller. For use in small saunas, the "sail", various combinations of the propeller with the waving in forms or the use of a sauna fan for gentler waving techniques are also suitable. Whichever feathering technique is used, the aim is always to achieve the best distribution of the steam in the sweat cabin, even in private areas.

Which technique is the right one?

In addition to the propeller and sail technique, there are several other techniques that basically have no name. Every sauna master creates his own movements and techniques, which are adapted by the principle of "trial and error".

Observation of the sauna guests shows whether a technique is well received or not. The show effect is not the least important, because basically no sophisticated technology is needed. It is only a matter of tearing open the described insulation layer and thus increasing the sauna guest's sensation of heat. This means that there is no right or wrong here, everything is allowed that the guests like.

The differences can be seen mainly in the sensation of heat, whereby the pure degree number is of course due to the type of sauna. The Russian sauna is particularly hot, with temperatures of up to 120 °C. It remains to be seen whether anyone else would like to increase the sensation of heat.

By the way, even beating with the birch twigs causes the described heat effect, but this variant is to be seen rather as moderate. The birch twigs belong to the Finnish sauna and are of course not used for waving.

Practice makes perfect

Aesthetics are as much a part of waving in the sauna as a practiced technique. The technique of the propeller is easy to practice. For this purpose, a sauna waving cloth is brought into a circular motion in the sweat cabin directly after the infusion under the sauna ceiling. In this way, the rising hot infusion steam is also layered in the lower areas and thus fills the entire room. With the propeller, the sauna guests should be treated with particular caution. The smaller the sweat room, the more caution is needed with the propeller.

A softer form of the wedel technique in the sauna is the sail. Here the feather duster is held like a taut sail and then guided in alternating lateral movements. In this way the steam of the infusion is gently distributed in the room. This weave technique is particularly popular for the infusion aroma experience.

The use of a sauna fan proves to be similarly beneficial. The large fan distributes the infusion steam in the cabin by slightly fanning movements and shifts the air only slightly.


Combinations of feather duster techniques can have a particularly aesthetic effect if they are implemented in a certain choreography. In this way, the propeller movements above the head in sufficiently large spaces can also be performed in front of or around the body. Shapes such as eights or circles in movement also provide a good shifting of the air and are also visually fun.

There are hardly any limits to the variety. Simply trying and practicing are the best ways to support the experience of infusion with suitable wedeling techniques.

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